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Universal Carrier

Universal Carrier

The Universal Carrier was a British armored vehicle used on many fronts during World War II. 84,120 were built in the United Kingdom, making it one of the most numerous armored fighting vehicles of World War II. Production was also started in the US, New Zealand, Australia and Canada. It was also used by the Soviets and by the Germans, who were more than happy to press captured examples into their own service. Armed with a 7.7-mm Bren light machine gun for self defense, the Universal Carrier was capable ot hauling four to five personnel, (more in crucial combat situations), supplies or wounded. Armor was light and the vehicle lacked top cover but sometimes coverings were improvised to protect the crew and passengers from the elements. Unlike most other tracked vehicles, steering was accomplished with a steering wheel as opposed to the usual levers. The Universal Carrier was powered by a Ford 8-cylinder water-cooled gas engine which gave it enough power to haul loads in the worst of conditions. The Universal Carrier could be found on most fronts of the war in a variety of roles including artillery prime mover, mobile command post, medevac and infantry support. They were also mounted with a variety of weapons including mortars and the Boys .50 caliber anti-tank rifle. Further proving the Universal Carrier's versatilty, units captured by the Germans were sometimes fitted with the 37-mm PaK anti-tank gun.


Sources: "Bren Gun Carrier (Universal Carrier)." www.militaryfactory.com. July 22, 2008. Oct. 24, 2010. http://militaryfactory.com/armor/detail.asp?armor_id=278